What is Multiple Myeloma? Multiple myeloma is a treatable but incurable cancer of the blood in which certain immune cells (known as plasma cells) accumulate in the bone marrow, which is the spongy tissue inside some bones where body’s blood … Continue reading What is the role of genetics in the development of Multiple Myeloma?
What is Gilbert’s Syndrome? Gilbert’s syndrome, also known as familial nonhemolytic jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia 1, is a common, benign genetic hepatic dysfunction that occurs when the liver does not process bilirubin correctly (the liver is not able to degrade bilirubin). … Continue reading The genetic basis of Gilbert’s Syndrome: an overview.
What is celiac disease? Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease (a failure of the body’s immune system that induces the body to attack its own tissues) in which gluten activates an immune response that destroys the villi, tiny finger-like protrusions … Continue reading Everything you need to know about the genetics of celiac disease
In the past few decades, DNA testing through DNA samples has grown tremendously with technological and medical advancements. DNA is commonly found on items that are physically touched such as clothing, drink bottles, hats, headphones, postage stamps, and tissues. To … Continue reading The Ins and Outs of DNA Samples
We all know that information is passed down from one generation to the next through genes. But what about another type of non-gene change in your DNA, called epigenetics? Literally meaning “above the genes”, epigenetic changes are chemical modifications to … Continue reading Changes in Your Genome Felt Throughout Generations
We use so many words to describe our backgrounds. We talk about heritage, ancestry, race, and ethnicity. Most of us use these words interchangeably, but they don’t mean the same thing. Cultural identify and genetic ancestry do not always line … Continue reading The Genetics of Culture (Hint: It doesn’t exist)
An ancestry DNA test uses a saliva sample to determine which areas of the world your DNA can be traced back to. DNA kits have become very popular during the last few years. This has led to many people having numerous questions. You may be wondering if your genetic information will be used for research or sold and how this impacts your privacy. You may also be concerned regarding the accuracy of this test or have numerous additional questions. The first thing you must realize is the question of your DNA is complex and there may not be a simple answer. The majority of people in the world have DNA from numerous different regions. You may perceive this combination as unique or you may see it is odd. Either way, you need to be open and prepared for a surprise. Continue reading “Ancestry DNA Tests: How Accurate Are They?”
In 1967, an up-and-coming scientist parted ways with his mentor. They had been working together for over ten years. Nobel Laureate Arthur Kornberg urged the more junior man to stay: “You have a gift for doing enzyme research. The only … Continue reading The History of Genetic Engineering
One of the most widespread genetic disorders today is Cystic Fibrosis, caused when an important protein is absent from the carrier’s body, leaving them to suffer from respiratory, digestive and reproductive issues. Huntington’s disease almost exclusively affects adults from the … Continue reading How Beneficial is Genetic Testing Before Pregnancy?
Whether it’s a genetic test from a doctor’s office or a direct-to-consumer kit sent to your house, there is a lot to consider before taking a genetic test: “Why do I want to take a genetic test?” “Am I just … Continue reading Genetic Testing: Potential Consequences of a False Result